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Eddie Ivan Kaweela Group

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A team of researchers led by Harvard and Broad Institute scientists has developed twin prime editing, a new, CRISPR-based gene-editing strategy that enables manipulation of gene-sized chunks of DNA in human cells without cutting the DNA double helix.


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Donovan and Friedberg offer suggestions for those looking to identify media manipulation campaigns or respond to breaking news: They encourage journalists to seek corroborating evidence when information is received via a social media account, and to always identify the account holder.

Newsrooms, they suggest, should grow their information security capabilities by instating a specific desk that focuses on evidence and metadata verification. Lastly, they urge platform companies to label known manipulation campaigns and enable better access to account metadata.

7.What would you like us to know about your experience with the features of your online trading or investment platform? (Examples of features are: social networking tools games, streaks, or contests with prizes points, badges, and leaderboards notifications celebrations for trading visual cues, like changing colors ideas presented at order placement or other curated lists or features subscription and membership tiers or chatbots.)When will you do your job and address the massive amounts of market manipulation being orchestrated by hedge funds and their buddies? Oh, wait, you ARE one of their buddies.

Conclusions: This is the first evidence that latanoprost increases lymphatic drainage from the eye. The pharmacological manipulation of this newly identified lymphatic outflow pathway may be relevant to treatments aimed at lowering intraocular pressure in glaucoma.

The first step in the management of CTP with no red flag signs remains conservative in nature. Consideration should include the use of antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, pelvic floor physical therapy, or spermatic cord block. When conservative measures have failed, microsurgical testicular denervation and orchiectomy have been described as procedures of last resort. Unsuccessful recognition of the causative factors for CTP often leads to surgical failure, poor outcomes, and years of psychological distress (Doubleday et al., 2003). There is a scarcity of data on the association of CTP with degenerative lumbar spine disease. Case reports (Doubleday et al., 2003; Rowell & Rylander, 2012) revealed significant efficacy of manipulative therapies for alleviating testicular pain of spinal origin. According to the Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation With Radiculopathy (Kreiner et al., 2014), spinal manipulation is an option for radiculopathy caused by discogenic disease. Remission of CTP observed in the present case appears to support that spinal manipulation could be a treatment regimen for testicular pain from this cause.

Businesses and consumers both rely on online reviews. Companies may need good ones to attract customers, while consumers often use them to decide what to buy or who to hire. People should be able to trust that reviews reflect the honest opinions of customers or experts who actually used a product or service. Some businesses abuse that trust by writing or procuring fake reviews or by paying supposedly independent websites for good rankings. This kind of deception and manipulation harms both consumers and honest companies.

Our research paper also provides best practices on how people can better detect and lessen the impact of fake news, as well as analysis techniques we applied to uncover such manipulation campaigns on social media. Awareness of these techniques can also help institutions such as governments and credible media outlets determine how to best counteract them. Applied critical thinking is necessary not only to find the truth, but to keep civil society intact for future generations.

Governments around the world are dramatically increasing their efforts to manipulate information on social media, threatening the notion of the internet as a liberating technology, according to Freedom on the Net 2017, the latest edition of the annual country-by-country assessment of online freedom, released today by Freedom House.

Governments in a total of 30 countries deployed some form of manipulation to distort online information, up from 23 the previous year. Paid commentators, trolls, bots, false news sites, and propaganda outlets were among the techniques used by leaders to inflate their popular support and essentially endorse themselves.

If it was once common to hear mass anti-government movements in the Middle East described as "Twitter uprisings" and "Facebook revolutions," today these social media platforms are more likely to be linked to their potential for manipulating public opinions and influencing elections, including the one that saw Donald Trump elected as America's "First Facebook President."

Drawing on two recent reports by the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) and independent research, Newsweek has outlined the covert ways in which states and other political actors use social media to manipulate public opinion around the world, focusing on six illustrative examples: the U.S., Azerbaijan, Israel, China, Russia and the U.K.

But social media manipulation did not begin or end with the election. As early as 2011, the US government hired a public relations firm to develop a "persona management tool" that would develop and control fake profiles on social media for political purposes.

Over the years, Azerbaijan's pro-government trolls have become a textbook case of state-level social media manipulation. President Ilham Aliyev has been the country's leader for the past 14 years, and his grip is only tightening. In February, he took the unprecedented step of making his wife vice-president.

China is home to probably the first and largest state-run operation of social media manipulation, with a vast network of around two million individuals working to promote the party line. They are popularly known as the "50-cent party," a reference to early claims that they were paid half a Chinese yuan for every post.

The 2016 Brexit referendum also provided an intense moment for strategies of manipulation on social media. In the months before the vote, roughly one third of all traffic on Twitter was from automated bots, which were almost entirely pro-Leave.

However, things have changed dramatically in the past few weeks. First, undeniable evidence of media manipulation was publicly exposed. As a response, the prime minister shifted his stance, and instead of saying that there is no intervention in the media, he acknowledged some intervention, but then argued that there is simply no problem with the practice.

Forth genre mediated mobilization is more like getting people on the street that extends and activates the strength of live, local social relations and organization like kinship and social support networks, professional affiliations or expert advice network through social media, mobs, virtual worlds and blogs. The aim is to activate mobilization in lifestyle, politics, social movements and cultural reforms. Not only the participants of a social movement but the people who witness such movements also experience social change. New media makes communication and mobilization for social movements instant, interactive and timely as it happened in global justice movement. The literature on global justice movement highlights three aims or networked communication technology; an indispensable tool to coordinate and direct diverse groups, a platform to produce and distribute content, electronic civil disobedience or electronic/online protests. In Pakistan, it has been used for political and religious purposes. Several times, it has been used to exploit the situation, to gather people, manipulate them with false or altered information. To provoke them for massive destructions. The recent killing of a university student Mashal Khan by mob is a clear example of it (R. 2017).

Do you recall the photograph in the title, which became famous for being altered to convey misleading information and manipulation of viewpoint and is well-known for this reason by the rather conscious ones among us? The photograph in the middle appears to be the original, while the image on the left side appeared on Al-Jazeera and the one on the right side appeared on CNN. This is a perfect and striking example of the power media has to manipulate our perception of what is happening around us.

We see the same photograph altered and misused, such that it serves the world-view and the politics adopted by its publisher. It is quite shocking how international media giants can manipulate a photograph, causing the image to be perceived in a way, that is completely different than it originally is.

Now, the question remains to be, whom can we really trust, in an age that forces all of us to think that we are surrounded with tools of manipulation. We are living in an era, where the silent cooperations between media and governments reign. We no longer strive for communication, we have all means of communication at our disposal; yet we strongly long for unfiltered and unbiased information. To that end, self-awareness and conscious decision making, together with critical thinking may be our greatest weapon.

Given the Cambridge Analytica scandal[9] and knowing how misinformation and fake news disseminated via social media platforms caused chaos in various places like Egypt or Myanmar[10] to name a few, we are already well aware of the catastrophic aspect of social media platforms. Biased media too, create the same adverse effect on a different medium. Yet, if a democratic ground may be reached via independent media and through sources of information freed from misinformation and fake news, the positive aspects of social media will outbalance the risks it contains. Those manipulating the media and other sources, thus preventing the society from developing counter arguments, which may later grow into larger demonstrations of civil power; may then be forced to dissolve and cease under the sphere of influence of righteous minds and words, even with the danger of truth being clouded by misinformation and fake news. 041b061a72


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